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November 30, 2020
four women holding food
休休尼人祖先食物采集小组的成员是, from left, Jill Keith, 他是bwin国际彩票平台家庭与消费者科学系的助理教授, Caroline Mills, Carmen Underwood and Vernetta Pantzetanga. Keith holds jars of bitterroot; Mills displays a plate of chokecherry patties; Underwood has biscuitroot; and Pantzetanga carries a bag of bluebells. (UW Photo)


RSAFG的工作在2018年得到了美国国立卫生研究院(NIH)通过怀俄明州大学的IDeA生物医学研究卓越网络(INBRE)的资助. 这笔资金用于研究休休尼族祖先食物对健康的影响, identity, culture and well-being.

Traditional recipes, 在社区成员和非土著伙伴之间分享故事和其他食物知识. The RSAFG group gathers each month to collect, process and preserve foods such as yampah root and fireweed.


“在早期,bwin时时彩平台依靠大大小小的野生动物为生. 我记得看着我奶奶为她的一大家人做饭,” says Vernetta Pantzetanga, an RSAFG advisory member who helped with collecting, processing and preparing traditional Shoshone foods. “Whether it was game meat or berries, it was the healthy way. Now, as I look back, I find myself trying to prepare good, healthy food for my family just like my gah goo.”

The NIH grant assisted community efforts to identify traditional Shoshone foods and how they were used; gathering and processing of the foods; and preparing recipes for participants.

“基于社区的参与式研究的美妙之处在于,一切都是由团体指导的,” says Jill Keith, 他是bwin国际彩票平台家庭与消费者科学系的助理教授, 自从休休尼人四年前开始他们的努力以来,谁一直与他们合作. “RSAFG小组知道他们想为自己的社区提供什么样的食物, where the foods are and how to process them.”

Some of that knowledge was known, and some wasn’t. For example: How to correctly dig up a biscuitroot, clean and dry it, pound it into flour and then make it into biscuits.

“We did all of those steps together as a group,” says Keith, 谁的研究重点包括影响人类饮食行为的因素, including sensory characteristics of food; the impact of changing diet behaviors on health outcomes; addressing health and education disparities; and culturally relevant educational strategies.

制作一张照片和一本食谱来记录他们的努力,并创建一个传统食品数据库,这些都是项目的关键部分. Recipes include teas made from wild berries and fir needles; biscuits made from root plant flour; and soups made with wild game such as buffalo, deer and elk.

这项为期三个月的健康研究从1月份开始,参与者在四周内每周都吃休休尼人的食物, 写食物日记,每个月参加一次面对面的数据活动.

The data collection included a survey; biometrics, including blood pressure, height, weight and waist circumference; and blood draws -- glucose, cholesterol and triglycerides -- through Wyoming Health Fairs.

然而,基思说,COVID-19在3月份停止了这种测量. Community members self-reported their physical measurements.

这些发现将有助于确定食用传统的休休尼食物是否对健康产生影响. Study results are currently being analyzed.

RSAFG集团与东部休休尼商业委员会和bwin国际彩票平台总法律顾问合作,制定了一项数据使用和共享协议. 所有关于研究结果的报告或陈述在分享之前必须得到RSAFG咨询小组和落基山部落机构审查委员会的批准.

照片食谱和传统食物数据库对于与社区分享小组的工作是很重要的, Keith says. 照片记录了小组成员收集和加工食物的过程.

The traditional foods database will be added to the group’s website upon project completion and identify the various plants and when to collect them; house information for what the plants are used; and offer traditional recipes. 该数据库旨在为社区成员回收传统知识, RSAFG咨询组将指导共享数据库的过程.

精神和文化成分也意味着食物不仅仅是消费的东西, Keith says. 调查问题是询问参与者传统饮食如何影响他们对文化联系和健康的整体感觉.


“我不想谈论食物的文化价值,因为我没有土著视角,” Keith says. “But, 我和社区成员一起收集、加工和保存食物, and it’s more than just collecting and eating food. It’s really connected. That aspect of it being very spiritual is very, very important.”

Commodity foods provided to reservations across the U.S. are a Westernized style of eating, Keith says.

它们含有大量的精制碳水化合物和更多的脂肪肉, and increased dairy and salt. 传统饮食更健康,包括身体活动作为聚会和准备的一部分, she says.


“It was a chore to help put food on the family table,” says Mills, an RSAFG advisory member who helped with collecting, processing and preparing traditional Shoshone foods.

“80年后,我喜欢为家人的餐桌收集健康的食物,”她继续说. “This is food that is not available in the local grocery stores. And all of the various berries provide antioxidants.”

Health is a huge issue and, because of colonization and changes to the food supply, 在白人社区和印第安人社区之间的健康差距是可怕的, Keith says.


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